Culture of Himachal Pradesh
Like India, Himachal Pradesh is also built on foundation of diversity. Here is an Saying about Himachal:
There are a number of other fairs and festivals that are celebrated in the state apart from the festivals celebrated in the other parts of the country. Kullu Dussehra, Mandi Shivratri, Rampur Lavi and Chamba Minjer are the some significant fairs celebrated in the state
Life Style of Himachali people
Himachal Pradesh is a multi regional, multicultural as well as multilingual state like other Indian states. The Hindus residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Rajputs, Rathis, Gurkhas and Kolis. There are a large numbers of tribal communities in the state which mainly comprise Gaddis, Kinnars, Gujjars, Pangawals and Lahaulis. In areas, like Lahaul and Spiti, there is a majority of Buddhist population since the area is located near Tibet. A percentage of people are also Tibetans. Muslim, Christian and Sikhs are in minority but they also enjoy the same rights as Hindus in the state.
Though Hindi is the state language, many people speak Pahari also. Pahari itself has many dialects and all of them trace their origin to the Sanskrit language. A majority of the population is engaged in agricultural practices, however the more educated of them are now moving towards tertiary sectors. As per the traditional dressing norms the dress of the Brahmin male includes dhoti, kurta, coat, waistcoat, turban and a hand towel while that of the Rajput male consists of tight fitting churidar pyjamas a long woolean coat and a starched turban while tribal communities have their own dressing styles. With the changing time the dress up of the people has now become a mixed one and people have started wearing western style of clothes.
Folk Dance and Music in Himachal
The Himachalis are fond of music and dance. Local Music and dance reflect the cultural identity of the state. Through their dance and music, people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. Naati is the most famous of these dances, which comprises of dance, vocal music with the tunes of musical instruments.
Kulluvi, Kangri, Chambiyali, Mahasuvi, Kinnauri and Lahauli etc are the different flavours of the Himachali Music. Mostly Himachali songs are sung in a lead voice with chorus. The famous musical instruments are Dhols, Nagaras, Karnal and Shehnai.
Art and Craft in Himachal
The state is well known for its handicrafts. The carpets, shawls, woodwork and paintings are worth appreciating. Pashmina shawls are a product that is highly in demand in Himachal and all over the country. Himachali caps are famous art work of the people. Extreme cold winters of Himachal necessitated wool weaving. The well-known woven object is the shawl, ranging from fine pashmina to the coarse desar. Kullu is famous for its shawls with striking patterns and vibrant colours. Kangra and Dharamshala are famous for Kangra miniature paintings.
A glimpse of Himachali art can be seen in ancient temple architectures. There are four different types of hill temple architecture; the 'pent' roof and veranda, 'pyramidical','pagoda style with successive wooden roofs and 'sloping and pagoda' type roofs.