Kangra situated in the foothills of Dhauladhar range of Himalayas. Kangra is the biggest district of Himachal Pradesh by population. Dharamshala, the district headquarters of the district, which is the second town of the state to have Municipal Corporation. Mcleodganj near Dharamshala is also the headquarters of the Tibetan government-in-exile, headed by the His Holiness the Dalai Lama. It is known as "Little Lhasa" or "Dhasa" (a short form of Dharamshala used mainly by Tibetans) because of its large population of Tibetans.
DemographicsAccording to 2001 census, the total population of the district was 1,339,030, which is the highest in the state (22.50% of the population). The native language is of Kangra is Kangri, a dialect of Pahari. The majority of the people are Hindu Brahmins, Rajputs, Banias. Although many Tibetans and others who follow Buddhism have also settled in Mcleodganj and Bir areas of the district. There are also minority populations of Sikhs, Muslims, and Christians.
GeographyKangra is located on the foothill of Dhauladhar mountain range of the Western Himalaya between 31°2 to 32°5 N and 75° to 77°45 E. Kangra district has an area of 5,739 sq km.
The altitude of the district ranges from 427 to 6401m above sea level. Kangra is bordered with Gurdaspur district of Punjab in the west and Una and Hamirpur districts of Himachal to the south. On North of Kangra is the Dhauladhar mountain range which forms the border with Chamba and Kullu districts. Other mountain ranges passing through Kangra are Pir Panjal, Dhauladhar and the Shiwaliks.
The Beas is the major rivers of this district and contributes to the fertility of the land here. Pong Dam built on Beas River for purpose of irrigation and Hydroelectric power generation. Lake created by the dam known as Maharana Pratap Sagar, is a famous bird sanctuary.
EconomyThe Economy of Kangra District consists mostly of agriculture and farming. Tea cultivation plays a vital in the economy. "Kangra Tea" is famous worldwide for its rich aroma, colour and taste. The areas of Palampur and Baijnath are surrounded by lush, green tea estates. A few other industries that have been established in the region, including water packaging, construction materials, and potato chips.
Tourism is also an important part of the economy. Triund is famous location for trekking and camping. Bhagsunag and Mcleodganj are also other options for the tourists. The Bir Billing is the world's second best paragliding site.
Jwalamukhi, also known as Jwala ji, is famous for its ancient temple of the goddess Jwala Ji, There is a continuously burning flame in the templ. Other important temples include Brajeshwari Devi temple, Chamunda Devi temple, Chintpurni temple and Lord Shiva temple in Baijnath.
- Area: 5,503km2
- Population: 15,07,223
- Literacy Rate: 86.49%
- Language: Hindi, English, Pahari and Kangri
- Tehsils: Nurpur, Indora, Jwali, Kangra, Palampur, Badoh, Kasba Kotla, Jaswan, Dehra Gopipur, Khundiyan, Jaisinghpur, Baijnath, Fatehpur, Dharamshala and Shahpur.
- Sub-Tehsils: Harchakkian, Dhira, Rakkad, Thural and Meerthan.
- Sub divisions: Kangra, Palampur, Dharamshala, Nurpur, Dehra Gopipur, Baijnath, Jwali and Jaisinghpur.
- Assembly Constituency (15): Kangra, Dharamshala, Palampur, Baijnath, Dehra Gopipur, Jwali, Nurpur, Shahpur, Indora, Jaisinghpur, Nagrota, Jaswan Pragpur, Jawalamukhi, Fatehpur, Sulah.