Lahaul And Spiti
Lauhal & Spiti on the northern part of Himachal Pradesh, is the largest district of the state on the basis of area. Lahaul and Spiti is knowN for its unexplored beauty and Tibetan Monasteries. Keylong is the administrative centre of the district.
Kunzum Pass is the entrance of Spiti valley from Lahaul. It is connected to Manali through Rohtang Pass. Lahual & Spiti is also known as mountain desert as it remain cut from other parts of the country for almost half the year. During that period navigation to or from the valley can only be made through choppers. There are very limited flights available.
Generally the Lahaulis are of Tibetan and Indo-Aryan descent and follow Budh religion. Most people here speak Lahauli.
Geography and ClimateLahaul Valley is situated to the south of Ladakh, thus derived its name from the word LhoYul meaning "Southern Country". To the north of Lahaul is the valleys of Zanskar and Ladakh across Shingola (5090 Mtrs) and Baralacha la (5450 Mtrs) passes respectively. To its south is situated the Kullu valley across the Rohtang Pass (3195Mtrs) and the Bara Bangahal (Kangra) across the Asakh pass (5051Mtrs) . In the west are the Pangi and Churah areas of Chamba. In the east of Lahaul valley is the Spiti Valley. Spoto valley share the border with Tibet.
The valley is situated in north of the Pir Panjal ranges the weather remains very pleasant in the summers. This is the best season to visit this valley. The temperature remains between 15-30°C. One can enjoy bright sun wandering within lush green valley. There is little or no rain in monsoons. The climate remains dry & invigorating. The days are hot and night are extremely cold. During winter it snows heavily and the temperature goes way down below minus. There is an average annual snow fall of about 7 feet. The valley remains cut from the rest of the world during this period.
HistoryLahaul-Spiti district consists of the two formerly different districts of Lahaul and Spiti. The present administrative centre is Keylong in Lahaul. Before the two districts were merged, Kardang was the capital of Lahaul, and Dhankar the capital of Spiti. The Lahaul and Spiti district was formed in year 1960.
- Area: 13,833 km2
- Population: 31,528
- Literacy Rate: 77.24%
- Language: Hindi, English, Pahari
- Tehsils: Lahaul, Spiti.
- Sub-Tehsils: Udaipur.
- Sub divisions: Keylong, Kaza and Udaipur.