Lahaul And Spiti

Lauhal & Spiti on the northern part of Himachal Pradesh, is the largest district of the state on the basis of area. Lahaul and Spiti is knowN for its unexplored beauty and Tibetan Monasteries. Keylong is the administrative centre of the district.

lahaul and spiti, himachal Pradesh
Lahaul and Spiti are two different valleys in Greater Himalaya. These two valleys are quite different in character. Spiti Valley is more barren and have more difficult terrain, with an average elevation of 4,270 m (14,009 ft). It is enclosed between high mountain ranges, with the Spiti river flowing in the southeast to meet the Sutlej River.

Kunzum Pass is the entrance of Spiti valley from Lahaul. It is connected to Manali through Rohtang Pass. Lahual & Spiti is also known as mountain desert as it remain cut from other parts of the country for almost half the year. During that period navigation to or from the valley can only be made through choppers. There are very limited flights available.

Generally the Lahaulis are of Tibetan and Indo-Aryan descent and follow Budh religion. Most people here speak Lahauli.

lahaul and spiti, himachal Pradesh
Spiti Valley offers scenic tourist destinations and an adventurous ride to the visitors. Lahaul and Spiti can be termed as one of the best place in Himachal Pradesh. There are many monasteries in the district which are frequently visited by Buddhist followers.These includes mainly Kye, Dhankar, Shashur, Guru Ghantal, Khungri Monastery in Pin Valley, Tnagyud Gompa of the Sakya Sect in Komic, Sherkhang Gompa in Lahlung and Tabo Monastery in Spiti valley. Chandertal Lake is a fascinating place.

Geography and Climate

Lahaul Valley is situated to the south of Ladakh, thus derived its name from the word LhoYul meaning "Southern Country". To the north of Lahaul is the valleys of Zanskar and Ladakh across Shingola (5090 Mtrs) and Baralacha la (5450 Mtrs) passes respectively. To its south is situated the Kullu valley across the Rohtang Pass (3195Mtrs) and the Bara Bangahal (Kangra) across the Asakh pass (5051Mtrs) . In the west are the Pangi and Churah areas of Chamba. In the east of Lahaul valley is the Spiti Valley. Spoto valley share the border with Tibet.

The valley is situated in north of the Pir Panjal ranges the weather remains very pleasant in the summers. This is the best season to visit this valley. The temperature remains between 15-30°C. One can enjoy bright sun wandering within lush green valley. There is little or no rain in monsoons. The climate remains dry & invigorating. The days are hot and night are extremely cold. During winter it snows heavily and the temperature goes way down below minus. There is an average annual snow fall of about 7 feet. The valley remains cut from the rest of the world during this period.

History

Lahaul-Spiti district consists of the two formerly different districts of Lahaul and Spiti. The present administrative centre is Keylong in Lahaul. Before the two districts were merged, Kardang was the capital of Lahaul, and Dhankar the capital of Spiti. The Lahaul and Spiti district was formed in year 1960.

Fact Sheet

  • Area: 13,833 km2
  • Population: 31,528
  • Literacy Rate: 77.24%
  • Language: Hindi, English, Pahari
  • Tehsils: Lahaul, Spiti.
  • Sub-Tehsils: Udaipur.
  • Sub divisions: Keylong, Kaza and Udaipur.

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