Shimla 'The Queen of Hills' is the capital of Himachal Pradesh which lies in the south-western ranges of the Himalayas. It was formerly the summer capital of British India. Shimla town is the district headquarters of Shimla district. Shimla is third most populous and most urbanized district. All the major Offices like Secretariat, State Assembly are situated in the district. Himachal Pradesh University and IGMC Shimla are the premier institutions in the distt.
Shimla is one of the most visited hill station of the state as the panoramic view of the snow covered hills is mesmerising. There are many tourist destinations in Shimla like Kufri, Naldehra etc. Skiing and Ice skating are the main adventure sports that can be enjoyed in Shimla. The world heritage Kalka-Shimla toy train runs between Kalka and Shimla.
Shimla is also a major producer of apple in the state. Upper Shimla Area comprising Theog, Rohru, Kotkhai and Rampur produces large variety of apples.
History at a Glance
In 1864, Shimla was declared as the summer capital of British India. After independence, the city became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla came into existence from 1st Sept,1972 on the reorganisation of the districts of the state.
Pre-independence structures still dot Shimla; buildings such as the former Viceregal Lodge, Auckland House, Christ Church, Gorton Castle, Shimla Town Hall and The Gaiety Theatre are reminders of British rule in India.
Geography and ClimateShimla located at 31.10 North latitude and 77.17 East longitude. The elevation ranges from 2000 mtrs to 6000 mtrs above sea level. Satluj, Pabbar and Giri are the main rivers of Shimla.
Due to topographical variations, the district has varying climate. December to February are severe cold months when the winter is at its peak. Except some lower parts most of the district experience moderate to heavy snowfall. In summer too mercury does not rise too high. Most of the rain falls in the monsoons in the district.
- Area: 5,131km2
- Population: 8,13,384
- Literacy Rate: 84.55%
- Language: Hindi, English, Pahari and Mahasuvi
- Tehsils (11): Rampur, Kumarsain,Sunni, Shimla(R), Shimla(U),Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal,Kotkhai, Chirgaon, Dodra Kawar.
- Sub-Tehsils (7):Nankhari Rampur, Junga Shimla(R), Cheta(Kupvi) Chaupal, Nerwa Chaupal, Tikar Rohru.
- Sub divisions (7): Shimla(U), Shimla(R), Theog,Chaupal,Rohru,Rampur, Dodra Kawar.
- Assembly constituency (7): Shimla(U), Shimla(R), Theog,Chaupal,Rohru, Jubbal Kotkhai, kasumpati.