Solan district which has the headquarter in Solan town is the second most urbanized district in Himachal Pradesh. Solan District is spread over an area of 1936 sq km. Solan drived its name from Mata Shoolini. Most of the district is hilly except Baddi and Nalagarh areas.
Solan is also known as the "Mushroom city of India" for the production of Mushrooms of different varities. It also has a Mushroom Research Institute at Chambaghat. Solan has an very old brewery (11 km) and a sprawling horticulture and forestry university at Nauni.
Solan has emerged as the educational hub because of establishment of many Private Universities and professional colleges in the district. The biggest industrial area of Himachal i.e. Baddi-Barotiwala-nalagarh(BBN) which is also a hub of Pharmaceutical industries in India, is also situated in Solan district. BBN industrial area was developed under a special package from the state government.
Kasauli, Chail are the popular hill station in the district. The highest cricket ground of the world is located in Chail. Solan also has many beautiful railway stations on the Kalka-Shimla Railway track.
GeographySolan district is bounded by Shimla district in the North, Sirmaur District in the east, Bilaspur district in the west and Mandi District touches the boundary of Solan district in norht-east. Ropar District of Punjab and Ambala district of Harayana touches the boundaries of Solan in the south. It is located between the longitudes 76.42 and 77.20 degree and latitudes 30.05 and 31.15 degree north. the elevation of the district ranges from 300 to 3,000 metres above sea level. The mountain ranges lie in the outer Himalayas and are a part of Shivalik ranges.
History at a Glance
The territory of the present-day district comprises the territories of the erstwhile princely states of Bhagal, Bhagat, Kunihar, Kuthar, Mangal, Beja, Mahlog, Nalagarh and parts of Keonthal and Kothi and hilly areas of the erstwhile Punjab State which were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966. This district came into existence on 1 September 1972. The district was carved out by amalgamating Solan and Arki tehsils of the erstwhile Mahasu district and Kandaghat and Nalagarh tehsils of the erstwhile Shimla district. Its name comes from Mata Shoolini Devi. It's said that she saved Solan from been destroyed.
- Area: 1,936 km2
- Population: 5,76,670
- Literacy Rate: 85.02%
- Language: Hindi, English, Pahari
- Tehsils: Solan, Kasauli, Arki, Nalagarh, kandaghat.
- Sub-Tehsils: Ramshahar and Krishangarh.
- Sub divisions: Solan, Arki, Nalagarh, Kandaghat.