Una is the most southern district of Himachal Pradesh, bordered with Punjab. Una town is the district headquarter. Una has a mixed culture of Pahari and Punjabi. Being near to Punjab or once being the part of the Punjab, culture and life style is greatly influenced by Punjabi culture. Languages spoken here are Hindi Pahari and Punjabi. Larger area of Una is planer as compared to the other parts of the state.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Una. However, Una district also became an industrial sector due to close proximity to Punjab and being easily accessible from other major cities of North India. Mehatpur, Gagret, Tahliwal & Amb are main industrial centres of Una.
Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Una is a premier institute established in 2015 at Saloh Una which is currently being run at NIT Hamirpur till the completion of building work at Saloh.
The present Una district was a tehsil of the Hoshiarpur district of Punjab until 1st Nov.,1966. After the reorganization of Punjab in 1966, all the hill areas including Una was transferred to Himachal Pradesh. Then, until September, 1972 remained a tehsil of the then Kangra district. On the 1st September,1972 the Himachal Pradesh Govt. reorganised the Kangra district into three districts namely Una, Hamirpur and Kangra and Una district came into existance.
Geography and climate
Una is located at 31.48°N 76.28°E. It has an average elevation of 369 metres from sea level. Una, being situated in in the planes, is the hottest district in Himachal Pradesh, with temperatures reaching 50°C in summers. In the winter the temperature get close to the freezing point due to strong himalayan winds and dense winter fog.
- Area: 1,549 km2
- Population: 5,21,057
- Literacy Rate: 87.23%
- Language: Hindi, English, Pahari, Punjabi
- Tehsils: Una, Amb and Bangana.
- Sub-Tehsils: Haroli and Bharbhai.
- Sub divisions: Una and Amb.